Dentistry has come a long way in the last century, thanks to technology and a better understanding of the human body. As you could see in an implant dentistry journal, there are two types of implants a dentist can use to replace missing teeth, subperiosteal and endosteal. We’ll tell you about each and look at the differences.
Subperiosteal implants are prosthetic teeth that are attached under the gum, but on or above the jawbone itself. This means they are affixed but not fully inserted. Subperiosteal implants are usually used for patients whose jawbones are not strong enough to be drilled into. If the jawbone is not strong enough to even support subperiosteal implants, implant dentistry journals show there are procedures that can be done to help restore, transplant, or augment the bone.
Endosteal implants, on the other hand, are placed into the jawbone. These are more common, more permanent, and more expensive. An implant dentistry journal can show you that endosteal implants are usually made of titanium and designed in a screw shaped which can be drilled into the jawbone under anesthesia.
For patients whose specific conditions make either subperiosteal or endosteal implants impractical, there are three typical, customizable alternatives. First, there are arches, or “All-4-One” prosthetics. These are used to replace multiple teeth and consist of a row of four teeth which are placed into the gum at once. Next, some patients require mini dental implants (MDIs) which are narrower than standard implants and are generally used to help with the stabilization of a lower denture. Lastly, Immediate Load Dental Implants are used as placeholders for permanent implants.
Most people don’t think about their dental health too often until a problem occurs. Living with missing teeth is a major adjustment, but luckily a wide variety of implant options are available to help make life normal again.