4 Common Types of Depression You Should Know

4 Common Types of Depression You Should Know

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You have probably heard of chronic depression, but there are other types of depression whose symptoms and treatments differ greatly. If you or someone you know experiences sadness, hopelessness, exhaustion and negative thinking for several weeks, it may be one of these maladies.

Postpartum Depression

Also known as the baby blues, postpartum depression San Antonio can occur in mothers following the birth of a baby. The onset of symptoms may be sudden and may not arise until months after the baby is born. New mothers are advised to seek social support and pay attention to their own nutritional and sleep needs as well as the baby’s needs. The good news is that this type of depression often lasts just a matter of weeks.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

PMDD is another type of depression experienced by women. It is cyclical, occurring before and during menstruation, with each cycle lasting less than two weeks. Because it is like an extreme version of premenstrual syndrome, symptoms mirror those of PMS — mood swings, irritability and anxiety — but are more severe and interfere with daily life. Antidepressants are often effective treatments.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

If you find that the change in seasons, particularly the approach of winter, triggers carbohydrate cravings, relationship issues and the tendency to oversleep, you may be experiencing SAD. Some sufferers notice that their arms and legs feel heavy. This type of depression may last all season and can intensify as months go by. Treatment typically includes meditation and light therapy, often accompanied by sessions with a counselor.

Situational Depression

As the name implies, this type of depression follows a stressful life event such as relocation, divorce, retirement or the death of a close friend or family member. In situational depression, severe sadness and loss of interest in life occur within one to three months following the trigger event. Over time, sufferers adjust to the change, causing symptoms to lessen; this could take anywhere from six months to a year. Therapy supported by temporary use of medication may speed the process.

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